Functional Testing with MarathonITE

Automate Your Daily Tests and Increase ROI

Run a Test
Photo by David Travis on Unsplash

Functional testing is a part of the standard Quality Assurance (QA) process. It is a kind of black-box testing method. Functional Test Automation is a type of automated testing that deals with how applications functions or how the interface between the application and the rest of the system and users. Traditionally, functional testing is implemented by a team of testers, independent of the developers.In most cases, the functional test cases are based on the requirement documents. The tests are performed by feeding the input to the application under test and then examining the output. Functional test automation is concerned about what the system does rather than how the system do it.

Types of Functional Tests

Types of Functional Tests

As with any generic term, a functional test is susceptible to many interpretations. There are many types of functional tests that can be performed by a development team. Every team performs one or more of these functional tests to ensure the quality of delivered software.

Functional tests are typically segregated into the following types:

  • Smoke Tests or Sanity Tests Smoke tests are a type of functional tests. These include minimum of test scenarios that are executed to ensure that a base functionality is available in the software. Development teams use smoke tests to decide on the go/no-go decisions for a full fledged testing on the software product.
  • Integration Testing Integration testing includes testing a software system with all its components installed in a test environment.
  • Acceptance Testing Used mostly in the outsourced project world, an acceptance test consists of test cases that should be passed for a sign off on the project or a stage completion.
  • Regression Testing Regression testing is a type of testing where test cases are scripted to check that a new version of software doesn’t break existing functionality and does not add some unexpected/new issues into the software system.

Why do we need Functional Tests?

Functional tests are crucial for ensuring that a product/feature satisfy the end user requirements. Teams should start doing functional tests early in the software development. Functional testing should continue throughout the life cycle and continue into production and maintenance of the software product.

Functional testing should cover the application from the end user viewpoint. Naturally, they tend to be executed from a user interface of the application. They are also written in end user terminology and works best when domain terminology of the product is used.

Functional Testing Automation

Automating Functional Tests

As the time goes by, your functional test suite also grows in size. Whenever a new feature is added or a bug is fixed, you will be adding a new test script to your suite of functional tests. A well structured functional test automation suite is also used a regression test suite to ensure that no existing functionality is broken by the modifications to the source code.

Since functional test automation suite grows into hundreds and thousands of test scripts, it becomes imperative that some sort of functional test automation is used to ensure that the suite can executed often and fast.

Take Care of These

Though Functional Test automation provides great benefits to software teams, a success ful project should avoid the following pitfalls to ensure the success of the automation project.

  • Since functional test automation scripts are written from the user perspective, most of the tests are executed from the UI of the application. Some automated tests tend to be flaky for GUI tests because of the complexities involved.
  • A regular maintenance of the test suite is required to ensure that the functional test suite remains relevant and useful for new versions of software.
  • Functional test automation should be considered as a software development process. Use the relevant best practices that are used in development process for the automation project.
  • Use a version control system to maintain your test scripts. Ensure that not only the scripts but also the required resources are also checked into your VCS.
  • Perform regular refactoring of the scripts to ensure enhanced readability. Keep a eye open for reusability of the test scripts. Reusing scripts not only enhances the modularity of the scripts but also reduces maintenance costs of the scripts.
  • Testing automation doesn’t cover all bases for functional tests. Testing automation requires more time to develop test suites and should be maintained regularly for being effective.
  • A judicious mixture of automation and manual testing should be used for ensuring that user requirements are met.
Automated Tests - MarathonITE

Executing Tests

You can use both manual tests and automation tools for running the tests. Even if you have a comprehensive automation suite, relying on it solely is not the best option. Along with your automation suite, you should perform manual tests – some exploratory and some scripted – to ensure that a new version of software functions adequately for production.

Functional Test Automation with MarathonITE

MarathonITE is a functional test automation tool that includes features that help you in creating functional test suites from the user interface and then to enhance and maintain them. The following are some of the features of MarathonITE that helps you in creating and maintaining a software test automation project.

Marathon Logo
Close Menu